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Connecting Your Electronic Pet Fencing System
This article covers the basics of connecting a layout, from the transmitter, through the twisted-pair wire, splicing the signal wire, including what you MUST do for your electronic pet fence to work properly.
Part of the MuttFence.com “Good Dog Education Series”.
How To Connect The In-Ground Fence Components
Read on to find out how to connect together your in-ground fencing system.
In-Ground Fence Transmitter
The box below represents the fence transmitter. This is a box of electronics that plugs into an outlet, and is responsible for transmitting the Electronic Fence signal along the wires. It is this signal that gets picked up, through the air, by your dog's Electronic Fence Collar.
The two little marks on the right side of the box are the terminals where you connect the wire for the fence. Think of one of the terminals as send, and one as receive. To work correctly, the fence wire must form a loop from the send to the receive side of the transmitter.
Wiring From The Transmitter
The blue wire is twisted pair wire. Twisted pair is a type of wire in which two separate strands of insulated wire are twisted together. This is very important because twisted pair wire carries the fence signal from place-to-place, but does not transmit the signal from the fence to your dog's collar. This means your dog can cross the blue wire without getting a correction from the collar. Twisted pair wire carries the signal from one part of the fence to another without sending the signal to your dog.
Splices Connect The Wire
At the end of the twisted pair wire, connect a splice. Because there are two wires, you'll need a splice for each wire. Splices connect one wire to another and are weatherproof, waterproof, and burial-grade, which means you can put them under the soil.
Splices are T-shaped. The horizontal part of the “T” is where the wires are connected, the vertical part can be pushed into the ground to keep the splice in place, if you are laying your wire above ground, or the entire thing can be buried for an in-ground (underground) installation.
Join The Signal Wire
The red wire shown on the diagram is the signal wire. The signal wire is one strand of wire. When joining the twisted pair wire to the signal wire, you are joining two wires to one, so you connect the signal wire to one of the splices, run it around the enclosure and connect the other end to the other splice.
The In-Ground Fence wire MUST form a loop to work at all. In this case, the wire runs from one side of the transmitter, through one side of the twisted pair wire, connects to the signal wire, which runs in a loop back to the other side of the twisted pair wire and into the other side of the transmitter.
The wire must run from one side of the transmitter, around and back to the other side of the transmitter in a continuous loop.
The Signal Boundary Encloses Your Dog
Ollie can go anywhere within the red boundary, but cannot cross the red boundary, or get too close without the collar making a correction. Ollie can cross the blue wire without receiving the correction.
Joining The In-Ground Fence Signal Wire
At the bottom of the diagram we've added another splice. This what you do if you run out of signal wire. The splice joins the wire together, just the same as it did for one side of the twisted pair wire to the signal wire in the earlier example.
Because the signal wire is one piece of wire, you only need one splice, not a pair, to join together the two signal wires. You can do this any number of times as long as you've got enough signal wire and splices, and as long as your in-ground fence supports that much wire.